On April 14, 2021, at the “Patriot” Congress and Exhibition Center in the suburban village of Kubinka, the 18th meeting of the Military Committee on the development of military cooperation between the Collective Security Treaty Organization member states was held.
A meeting under supervision of the Chairman of the Military Committee, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Army General Valery Gerasimov, was attended by the chiefs of the general staffs of the armed forces of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Chief of the CSTO Joint Staff, Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov and the CSTO Deputy Secretary General Takhir Khayrulloyev.
Opening the meeting of the CSTO Military Committee, Valery Gerasimov expressed gratitude to the meeting participants for the fact that they arrived in Moscow despite the continuing difficult epidemiological situation. “We hope that this will be a good sign for enhancing military cooperation within the CSTO, and the results of the meeting will serve to further deepen the interaction of our defense departments,” he said.
In the course of the event, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces - First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Republic of Tajikistan, Lieutenant General Emomali Sobirzoda, informed the members of the Military Committee about the priority areas of the CSTO activities in the military sphere, proposed by the Republic of Tajikistan during the chairmanship in the Organization in 2021.
The meeting has discussed challenges and threats to military security in the East European, Caucasian and Central Asian regions. The general staffs of the armed forces of the CSTO countries reaffirmed the range of threats to military security and the need for coordinated joint actions to neutralize them.
The CSTO Deputy Secretary General Takhir Khayrulloyev, speaking at a meeting of the Military Committee on the situation in the Central Asian region of collective security, spoke about the implementation of the List of additional measures aimed at reducing tensions in the Tajik-Afghan border area, approved by the Decision of the CSTO Collective Security Council of November 28, 2019.
“The CSTO International Conference and the external meeting of the Working Group on Afghanistan have been held. In order to demonstrate the readiness of the CSTO Troops (Collective Forces) to respond to emerging security threats, four joint military and special trainings are planned in the Republic of Tajikistan this year. A complex of operational and preventive measures under the code name "Mercenary", a regional anti-drug operation "Channel", measures to regulate migration flows and a number of other measures have been planned, - T. Khayrulloyev said.
Colonel-General Anatoly Sidorov, Chief of the CSTO Joint Staff, informed about the joint training of command and control bodies and the assets of the Organization's collective security system in 2021. He noted that the main goals of joint activities were the further development of the crisis response system, the improvement of the composition of the CSTO Troops (Collective Forces), the organization of their control and comprehensive support of the created groupings.
According to the Chief of the CSTO Joint Staff, within the framework of the "Combat Brotherhood-2021" operational and strategic training, it is planned to conduct four joint trainings covering the Central Asian region of collective security. On the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan: a special training with the assets of Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics of the CSTO Troops (Collective Forces) "Echelon-2021", a special training with the assets of reconnaissance "Search-2021" and a joint training with the CSTO CRRF "Interaction-2021”. On the territory of the Russian Federation: a joint training with the CSTO Peacekeeping Forces "Indestructible Brotherhood-2021".
According to Colonel General Anatoly Sidorov, in the course of these events it is planned to work out the issues of the consistent use of the components of the CSTO Troops (Collective Forces), starting with a joint operation to localize a border armed conflict and ending with post-conflict peacebuilding in the territories of the Central Asian region.
The members of the Military Committee heard information from the Deputy Chief of the CSTO Joint Staff, Major General Sergei Kuprik, on the activities of the CSTO Crisis Response Center, as well as the First Deputy Chief of the CSTO Joint Staff, Lieutenant General Khasan Kaloyev, on the joint unit of radiation, chemical and biological protection and medical support. In order to jointly respond to threats to epidemiological security, the meeting participants identified areas for further work related to the creation under the auspices of the CSTO of a joint unit of radiation, chemical and biological protection and medical support.
Reports were also made by the Head of the Combined Arms Academy of the Order of Zhukov of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant General Alexander Romanchuk on the basic educational and methodological organization for the training of personnel of the CSTO Peacekeeping Forces and the Head of the Krasnodar Higher Military School named after General of the Army S.M. Shtemenko, Major General Igor Shpyrnya about the activities of the basic educational and methodological organization for the training of military personnel for the CSTO member states in specialties in the field of information security.
Summing up the results of the event, the chairman of the CSTO Military Committee, Army General Valery Gerasimov, noted that in the course of the meeting, directions for further work to improve the military component of the CSTO were identified. They relate to the functioning of the CSTO Crisis Response Center, the creation under the auspices of the CSTO of a joint unit of radiation, chemical and biological protection and medical support, the activities of basic educational and methodological organizations for the training of the CSTO Peacekeeping Forces personnel and information security specialists.
“I believe that the set goals have been achieved, and the results of the meeting of the Military Committee will contribute to maintaining stability in the CSTO member states,” the Army General Valery Gerasimov said.
The CSTO Council of Defense Ministers has discussed challenges and threats to military security in the Organization's area of responsibility
The plan to equip the Collective Rapid Reaction Forces with modern weapons, military and special equipment and special means and the Plan for joint training of formations of the assets of collective security system in 2022 was approved
A meeting of the Council of Defense Ministers of the Collective Security Treaty Organization was held in Dushanbe on April 27, 2021. It was chaired by Tajik Defense Minister Colonel General Sherali Mirzo. The CMD has discussed the issues of military security, countering challenges and threats and measures to neutralize them. The CSTO Secretary General Stanislav ZAS took part in the meeting and informed about the situation in the Organization's area of responsibility and on the issues on the agenda.
Before the start of the CMD and the CSSC meetings, the Defense Ministers were received by the Chairman of the CSTO Collective Security Council, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon.
They discussed the cooperation of the CSTO member states in the military-political and military-technical sphere, as well as in the joint struggle against global challenges and threats, such as terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, ensuring regional security, the situation in neighboring Afghanistan and strengthening of the state border between the Republic of Tajikistan and Afghanistan
It was stressed that the example of the COVID-19 pandemic made it clear that with the rapid spread of various infectious diseases in the world, the threat to security was increasing. Therefore, there was a need to take concrete measures, taking into account the positions of the parties, to develop a mechanism for ensuring the biological security of CSTO member states.
After meeting with Emomali Rahmon, the defense ministers laid wreaths on Dushanbe's Dusti Square at the monument to the first leader of the Tajik state, Ismail Samani.
The meeting of the Council of Defense Ministers was held with a small and large number of participants.
The Chairman of the CSTO CSC, Defense Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan Sherali Mirzo: "Challenges and threats of the modern world and the situation developing in different regions, high activity of terrorist groups in the immediate vicinity of our borders, negative processes maintaining tension in our neighboring countries, dictate the need to implement preventive measures that will minimize their impact on the security of our states.
At the end of the meeting of the Council of Defense Ministers, the CSTO Secretary General reported on its results: "The meeting of the Council of Defense Ministers was held in an atmosphere of alliance and mutual understanding. We have discussed challenges and threats to the military security of CSTO member states and measures to neutralize them. The defense ministers assessed the current military and political situation and the trends of its development in the Organization's area of responsibility - in the Eastern European, Caucasus and Central Asian regions of collective security.
If we characterize the situation as a whole, it is very complex and unstable. We note the increase of negative processes in the sphere of ensuring military security both at the global and regional levels. In fact, the existing international security architecture created after World War II is being dismantled.
We regret to note that the USA and its NATO allies are pursuing a destructive policy that significantly diminishes the role of the United Nations. Through their actions they consistently discredit the UN and try to take control of its structural elements, various proposals to reform the UN, especially the Security Council, are being put forward. Attempts are being made to question the existing veto mechanism of its permanent members to strengthen pro-Western positions.
The United States is manipulating international law to suit its national interests, which undermines the foundations of strategic stability in the world. The "reformatting" of the existing arms control system has led to a sharp escalation of military threats to the collective security of CSTO member states.
The situation in the CSTO area of responsibility is extremely unfavorable due to the increased crisis potential and terrorist activity in Central Asia and the Middle East.
NATO continues to build up its military capabilities in the immediate vicinity of the borders of CSTO member states. In the Eastern European region, for example, the level of intensity of operational and combat training activities of NATO military forces remains high. A series of “Defender of Europe” trainings is planned for this year, in the course of which plans for "military assistance" to Eastern European allies will be practiced. Within the framework of this training, large military contingents are planned to be redeployed to the western borders of the area of responsibility of CSTO member states.
A serious challenge to stability in the post-Soviet space is the unresolved conflict in southeastern Ukraine.
Open attempts from the outside to destabilize the internal political situation in the Republic of Belarus for the purpose of illegal change of power in the country after the presidential elections on August 9, 2020 have become a real threat not only for the Republic of Belarus, but also for the Organization as a whole.
All these negative trends undermine the foundations of strategic and regional stability and can lead to a sharp escalation of military threats to the collective security of CSTO member states in the Eastern European region.
The situation in the Central Asian region of collective security depends largely on the situation in neighboring Afghanistan, where there has been an increase in the activity of international terrorist organizations and the Taliban's growing attention to the northern regions of Afghanistan. Their retention of these territories allows the unimpeded functioning of one of the main channels of financing for extremists - drug smuggling. This is a source of great concern to CSTO member states.
At the same time, the situation in the Caucasus region of collective security is generally stabilizing. After the deployment of the Russian peacekeeping contingent to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone, there has been a steady tendency to create conditions to further prevent a resumption of armed confrontation, and work on de-mining of the territory continues.
In the current circumstances, the CSTO is conducting a set of measures aimed at reducing and neutralizing potential threats on a planned basis.
The priority task is to develop and improve the readiness of CSTO troops (Collective Forces) to carry out tasks for their intended purpose. The defense ministers approved the 2022 plan for joint training of the command and control bodies and formations of the assets of the collective security system of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
In 2021 we are planning to hold a joint operational and strategic training "Combat Brotherhood-2021", within the framework of which there will be a joint training with the CSTO Collective Rapid Deployment Forces "Interaction-2021", a special training with assets of reconnaissance "Search-2021", a special training with the assets of the Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics of the CSTO troops (Collective forces) "Echelon-2021" in the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan (October 2021). A joint training with the CSTO Peacekeeping Forces "Indestructible Brotherhood-2021" is planned on the territory of the Russian Federation (November 2021).
In addition, a joint training "Rubezh-2021" with CRDF CAR units (Collective Rapid Deployment Forces of the Central Asian region) and an efficient collection with the Command of the Central Asian region's CRDF CAR (September 2021) are planned in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The CMD has approved the draft Agreement on jurisdiction and legal assistance in cases involving the temporary stay of formations of the Collective Security Forces on the territories of the CSTO member states. The purpose of the document is to create a mechanism for cooperation between the competent authorities of the CSTO member states: military police, military investigation, military prosecutor's office, military courts (tribunals) - in criminal and administrative cases against persons belonging to formations of the assets of collective security system.
The CSTO Council of Defense Ministers has approved the most important document, the Plan to equip the CSTO Collective Rapid Reaction Forces (CRRF) with modern weapons, military and special equipment and special facilities. The implementation of this plan is aimed at increasing the level of technical equipment of the components of the CSTO (Collective Forces).
A decision has been signed by the CMD and the CSSC on the model structure and Command staffing of the CSTO Collective Rapid Reaction Forces. The document provides for the formation of the CSTO CRRF Command on the basis of the Command of the Airborne Forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation or the Command of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan (if the CRRF is used on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan).
The CSTO approved the Plan of consultations on foreign policy, defense and security issues for the second half of 2021 to the first half of 2022. With regard to military cooperation, the document provides for measures to develop the CSTO military component, improve the management of CSTO troops (Collective Forces) and develop military and economic cooperation within the Organization.
The defense ministers of the CSTO member states also approved the plan of events dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the Treaty Organization. The anniversary will be celebrated on May 15, 2022. This Plan provides for various organizational, foreign policy, military-technical, military-economic, cultural-educational, scientific and other activities.
Thank you for your attention.”
The next meeting of the Council of Defense Ministers of the CSTO member states is scheduled for the IV quarter of this year, on the eve of the session of the Collective Security Council of the organization. It will be held also in the Republic of Tajikistan.
The Collective Security Treaty (CST) was signed on May 15, 1992 in Tashkent. On May 14, 2002, the Collective Security Council at a session in Moscow decided to transform the mechanisms and cooperation structures of the CST member states into an international regional organization - the “Collective Security Treaty Organization”, giving it an appropriate status. On September 18, 2003 the CSTO Charter entered into force. The Collective Security Treaty Organization includes: the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Tajikistan, chairing the Organization in 2021.
The CSTO Press Secretary Vladivir Zaynetdinov